New research - same old problemFrom a scientific report in January 2014 (clarified with Klevius comments):
'After visual input hits the retina, the information flows into the brain (Klevius: No, it flows into the Thalamus!) where information such as shape, color, and orientation is processed. In previous studies, Potter at MIT has shown that the human brain can correctly identify images seen for as little as 100 milliseconds. In the new study, she and her colleagues decided to gradually increase the speeds until they reached a point where subjects' answers were no better than if they were guessing. All images were new to the viewers (Klevius: But the content was expected).
The researchers expected they might see a dramatic decline in performance around 50 milliseconds, because other studies have suggested that it takes at least 50 milliseconds for visual information to flow from the retina to the "top" of the visual processing chain in the brain and then back down again for further processing by so-called "re-entrant loops." These processing loops were believed necessary to confirm identification of a particular scene or object. Klevius: Yes loops are necessary in EMAH but only to marginally alter what is already preloaded in Thalamus.
However, the MIT team found that although overall performance declined, subjects continued to perform better than chance as the researchers dropped the image exposure time from 80 milliseconds to 53 milliseconds, then 40 milliseconds, then 27, and finally 13 -- the fastest possible rate with the computer monitor being used.
"This didn't really fit with the scientific literature we were familiar with, or with some common assumptions my colleagues and I have had for what you can see," Potter says.'
Klevius EMAH explanation: According to EMAH there's no need for time consuming information transport via cortex because the appropriate association pattern is already flickering on the Thalamic "awareness monitor".
The latencies at which we respond to environmental stimuli are not only related to cortical pre-movement states (actual Thalamic connections) but are, more importantly, correlated with an anticipatory thalamic association pattern (awareness) which is extremely fast because it's in immediate contact with the rest of your body.
Read EMAH for more! Yes, I know, the text is in urgent need of updating. After all, proto-EMAH was born in Klevius' Demand for Resources (1992). And I will start this monumental task when I see that I get some support for it. But in the meantime, do as I suggested in the foreword to Demand for Resources: Try to be positive in your reading. The quality of information is dependent on both sender and receiver. And don't forget that text is linear whereas thinking is parallel.
And dear reader, if you wonder why klevius.info hasn't been updated for a decade or so - between us, blame islam, not Klevius!